Phosphatidyl Serine

Ginkgo biloba-extract is extracted from the leaves of the Ginkgo Biloba tree. Ginkgo biloba is widely known for it's enhancing effect on circulation in veins, the micro circulation. Besides this it is considered an adaptogen, it increases energy and brain metabolism and keeps it in balance. Other effects are stressreduction, anti-oxidant, good for cognition and sleep. * The main reason we put ginkgo in our formula is because it increases mental energy. We chose ginkgo instead of vinpocetine, another substance that increases circulation. We experienced negative effect of vinpocetine on mood. Ginkgo in combination with ginseng are keyplayers in our brainformule NZT.2. Active compounds in Ginkgo Biloba the active compunds in gingko biloba are the so called flavone glycosides (ginkenosides) and terpene lactonen. Flavone glycosides are substances with 1 part of sugar attached to a non-sugar part and part of a group called flavanoids. Flavus is latin for yellow and points to the yellow colour these compunds give when treating cotton, wool and silk with it. Flavanoids are found widespread in plants and trees, they play a vital role in metabolism and protect from radition due to pigment. As a supplement flavanoids are known for their anti-oxidative capacities and improving micro circulation. Some flavanoids in ginkgo are quercetin, kaempferol and isorhamnetin. Terpene lactones in Ginkgo exist of Ginkgolides A, B, C en J and a substance called bilobalide. Enhanced circulation Many reserach on ginkgo shows the property of enhancing circulation. * Ginkgo seems to have a dilating effect on both arteries and veins. this means it reduces constriction through which circulation improves. An unique effect of ginkgo is improving circulation in capillaries (which are widely spread in the brain). Improved circulation in capillaries lays a keyrol in protecting tissue in brain, heart and extremities (fingers). Cognitive effects of ginkgo Ginkgo acts in 4 ways on the brain : Ginkgo improves circulation through capillaries, the brain is full of these Ginkgo has an effect on neurotransmitters, it increases levels or availability of dopamine, noradrenaline and GABA Ginkgo biloba has anti-oxidative properties. * Ginkgo biloba improves blood glucose metabolism in the brain Mental alertness * Again in a doubleblinded study ginkgo was shown to have an influence on EEG, it enhanced alpha-wave activity and reduced theta-wave amplitude. Alpha-waves are related to wakefull relaxtation and theta-waves to drowsiness and. In our page about ginseng we described the effect of a combination of ginseng and ginkgo as was found at the university of Northumbira in New Castle. A combination of ginseng and gnkgo was more beneficial than the effects of both seperately combined. It increased both speed and accuracy in ttitle-ingredientss, while normally there is a speed-accuracy trade-off. * The effect can be described as a increase of available mental energy, attention and mental power. *

* Individual results can vary